Why Asthma Can Hit You Harder as an Adult?
Going outside and breathing fresh air is one of the simple pleasures of life.
But for some people, that deep breath can cause difficulty breathing or tightening of the chest.
If this sounds normal, you may have adult asthma.
“People think of asthma in childhood, but developing asthma later is more common than you think,” says lung specialist Rachel Taliercio, DO. “However, we are not fully aware of asthma in older adults.”
Delays in diagnosis and treatment can lead to serious complications.
Here, she answers common questions about adult asthma and explains why it is often so serious later in life:
Q: What causes asthma in adults and what are its symptoms?
A: The reason why older people have asthma is not always clear.
Respiratory infections, allergies to certain substances in the air, such as smoke and fungi, can be the cause.
Asthma burns the airways, causing excessive mucus production and smooth muscle.
This narrows the airways, causing symptoms such as:
- Chest tightness or pressure.
- Breathing hard.
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- Blowing air as you exhale (whistle sound).
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- Shortness of breath after exertion.
- Dry cough.
- Flu that spreads rapidly in the chest and symptoms can last a long time.
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Dr. Taliercio states: “While the symptoms of early childhood and childhood pneumonia are similar, they tend to be in infancy and persist in adulthood,” says Dr. Taliercio.
Of course, if your symptoms include fever, it is advisable to call your doctor to prevent the coronavirus.
Inhaled and oral asthma medications, which open the airways and reduce inflammation, are used to treat severe symptoms and prevent outbreaks.
Q: Is asthma more dangerous in adults?
A: Yes. The prevalence of asthma in adults is much higher than the rate of asthma in children.
Another reason could be that adults ignore the symptoms of asthma or cause them to be overweight, obese, or old.
Asthma symptoms can also mimic other illnesses, including:
- Her natal hernia.
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- Stomach problems.
- Heart failure.
- Rheumatoid arthritis.
- Chronic pulmonary disease (COPD).
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“Unfortunately, any delay in the diagnosis and treatment of asthma can permanently impair lung function,” said Drs.
Q: What increases your risk of adult asthma?
A: Most childhood pneumonia disappears with age.
But having asthma in childhood increases the risk of relapse in 30 or 40 years.
Other factors that increase the risk of adult asthma include:
Obesity or obesity:
Low levels of physical activity, changes in lung function, and high levels of inflammation are among the most common.
Femininity: Hormonal fluctuations in pregnancy and menopause can cause asthma.
Allergens: Cats, cigarette smoke, chemicals, mildew, or dust can cause asthma.
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Q: How effective is the treatment for adults with asthma?
A. Asthma can be very difficult to control in adults for several reasons:
- Asthma medications can work a little later in life, especially for those who are overweight.
- Oral steroids can worsen glaucoma, cataract, and osteoporosis.
- Being in beta-blockers for heart problems can increase asthma.
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- The lungs and chest walls are strong and the muscles that support deep breathing are weakened in adults.
- For these reasons, adults with asthma are at greater risk of developing an outbreak and even
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Q: How can you improve your asthma control when you are older?
A: To manage asthma, follow your doctor’s instructions as closely as possible. Here are some additional tips:
1. Take your medication as prescribed:
- Consult your physician before making any changes.
- Let your doctor know if you are taking any medicines you can buy.
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2. Check your lung capacity:
- Visit your doctor regularly to check your lung function.
- You can also check your lung function at home with a high flow meter.
- This will notice changes in the lungs even before you notice them.
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3. Make a plan and follow it:
Create a step-by-step treatment plan with your traveling doctor on what to do if asthma symptoms worsen.
4. Use your recovery inhaler properly.
This can be the most difficult part of managing asthma (especially if you are struggling with strength or vitality due to arthritis or other health problems).
If using your inhaler is very frustrating, ask your doctor about nebulized medications that you can inhale for more than 10 to 15 minutes.
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5. Quit smoking.
Drs. Says Taliercio: “Smoke not only harms the throat and lungs but can also make asthma difficult to control.
Vaping is also dangerous and can damage your lungs. Talk to your doctor about how we can help you quit smoking. ”
6. Exercise regularly.
Maintaining a healthy weight and regular exercise are some of the most important ways in which you can stay healthy and help control your asthma.
If you suspect that you may have asthma, see your doctor immediately.
“Chronic asthma can contribute to the ongoing loss of lung function that may be permanent,” says Dr. Taliercio. “Ignore your symptoms.”
You will breathe more easily when you are in trouble.